Star of Bethlehem

Scientific Name: Ornithogalum umbellatum
Family: Liliaceae


Star-of-Bethlehem is a perennial weed developing from a bulb. The leaves are thick, waxy, and grass like. The blades are dark green and contain a distinct white-grooved mid-rib. Star-of-Bethlehem produces a white flower containing 6 petals. Flowers are present in the late spring. The plant dies back to the bulb after flowering. Star-of-Bethlehem can spread by seeds and by bulbs. Star-of-Bethlehem is found in the Northeast and piedmont region of the Southeast.

Cultural Practices

Star-of-Bethlehem is a plant that grows from bulbs which are reproduced each year. It is sold as a spring-flowering garden plant. It does its growth early in the spring when the turf does not compete. It will die back to the bulb after flowering. Physical removal of the bulbs will reduce the plant over time. All parts of the plant are poisonous.

Herbicide Use

Make your post-emergence herbicide application to Star-of-Bethlehem that is actively growing and in the seedling to flower stage of growth.


Germination Dates

3: August
4: September
5: September
6: October
7: November