Small Hop Clover

(Trifolium dubium)

Family: Fabaceae

Also Known As:

Weed Photos: Courtesy of Dr. Lambert McCartey. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.



Small hop clover is a winter annual. It has branched stems that spread in a low creeping manner. The stems are red and hairy. The leaves alternate and are palmately compound. The leaves consist of three leaflets with the center leaf on its own petiole. The leaves have prominent veins. The flowers of small hop cover are yellow in color. They consist of clusters of 3 to 15 flowers. Small hop clover reproduces by seed. Small hop clover is found throughout the continental United States. 


Germination Dates

4: May
5: May
6: April
7: April
8: March
9: March
10: March

Cultural Practices

Small hop clover is an annual weed that is found on dry, gravelly soils such as roadsides. Increasing fertility and irrigation to allow the turf to compete will also reduce its competitiveness.  Regular mowing reduces flower development and seed production.

Herbicide Use

Make your post-emergence herbicide application when small hop clover is young and actively growing.

Look Alikes